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Ayurvedic Management of Osteoarthritis


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage, leading to joint pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. It is a common form of arthritis that primarily affects the weight-bearing joints such as the knees, hips, and spine. Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, offers a comprehensive approach to managing osteoarthritis by addressing the underlying imbalances, reducing inflammation, supporting joint health, and promoting overall well-being.

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs due to the gradual breakdown of cartilage, which cushions the ends of the bones in the joints. As the cartilage wears away, the bones may rub against each other, causing pain, swelling, and reduced range of motion. Osteoarthritis commonly affects the knees, hips, hands, and spine.

Ayurvedic View:

According to Ayurveda, osteoarthritis is primarily caused by an imbalance in the Vata and Pitta doshas. Imbalanced Vata dosha leads to dryness, instability, and degeneration of the joints, while imbalanced Pitta dosha contributes to inflammation and heat in the joints. Ayurvedic treatment aims to balance the doshas, reduce inflammation, nourish the joints, and promote overall well-being.


The causes of osteoarthritis can vary, but common factors include:

– Aging: The risk of developing osteoarthritis increases with age.
– Joint Injury: Previous joint injuries or repetitive stress on the joints can contribute to the development of osteoarthritis.
– Obesity: Excess weight puts added stress on the joints, increasing the risk of osteoarthritis.
– Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to developing osteoarthritis.
– Joint Misalignment: Structural abnormalities or misalignment of joints can increase the likelihood of osteoarthritis.


The primary symptoms of osteoarthritis may include:

– Joint pain and stiffness, particularly during movement
– Swelling and tenderness in the affected joints
– Reduced range of motion
– Joint instability or a feeling of joint “locking”
– Grating or popping sensations in the joints
– Joint deformity in advanced cases

Ayurvedic Treatment Approach:

Ayurvedic management of osteoarthritis involves a comprehensive approach to address the underlying imbalances, reduce inflammation, nourish the joints, and promote overall well-being. The treatment approach includes:

Diet and Lifestyle Modifications:

– Follow a balanced diet with fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
– Include foods rich in calcium, such as dairy products, leafy greens, and sesame seeds, to support bone health.
– Avoid processed and inflammatory foods, such as refined sugars, fried foods, and processed meats.
– Maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on the joints.
– Engage in low-impact exercises, such as swimming or gentle yoga, to maintain joint flexibility and strength.
– Practice stress reduction techniques, such as meditation and deep breathing exercises, to promote overall well-being.

Herbal Remedies:

Ayurvedic herbs like Shallaki (Boswellia serrata), Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), and Turmeric (Curcuma longa) are commonly used to reduce inflammation, support joint health, and alleviate pain. These herbs can be taken as prescribed by an Ayurvedic practitioner.

Panchakarma Therapy:

Panchakarma, a set of Ayurvedic detoxification procedures, may be recommended to eliminate toxins, balance the doshas, and support overall well-being. Specific treatments like Abhyanga (oil massage), Swedana (herbal steam therapy), and Janu Basti (localized oil pooling on the knee joints) may be advised based on the individual’s condition.

Home Remedies:

– Applying warm herbal oils, such as Mahanarayan oil or Dashmoola oil, to the affected joints can provide relief.
– Gentle exercise, such as walking or swimming, can help improve joint mobility and reduce pain.
– Hot or cold compresses can be applied to the affected joints to reduce inflammation and soothe pain.


Osteoarthritis requires proper medical evaluation, care, and attention. Ayurveda offers a comprehensive approach to manage symptoms, reduce inflammation, nourish the joints, and promote overall well-being. By addressing the underlying imbalances, following a balanced diet and lifestyle, incorporating herbal remedies, practicing panchakarma therapy, and utilizing home remedies, Ayurvedic management aims to support individuals with osteoarthritis. It is important to consult with a qualified healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate medical care for osteoarthritis.

Dr. Ram Mani Bhandari
Dr. Ram Mani Bhandari


Registered Member of AAA

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